Developmental Milestones

Children Reaching

Developmental milestones are important markers that we use to monitor if a child is attaining developmentally appropriate skills. Children typically develop certain skills at certain ages. Children often develop at their own pace. These milestones give you an idea of general development for gross motor, fine motor, and speech-language skills. If you are concerned that your child has not met these developmental milestones at the appropriate ages, please contact your child’s physician.

0-3 Months
•Turn their heads toward bright colors and lights
•Recognize bottle or breast
•Respond to their mother’s voice
•Make cooing sounds
•Bring their hands together
•Wiggle and kick with arms and legs
•Lift head when on stomach
•Become quiet in response to sound, especially to speech
•Brings hands within range of eyes and mouth
•Make cooing sounds
•Grasps and shakes hand toys
•Attempts to imitate sounds

3-6 Months
•Reach and grasp for objects
•Play with toes
•Roll over
•Sit with only a little support
•Bounce when held in a standing position
•Move toys from one hand to another
•Laugh and squeal in delight
•Smile at themselves in a mirror

6-9 Months
•Supports all weight on their legs
•Finds partially hidden object
•Rolls both ways (front to back, back to front)
•Responds to own name
•Responds to sound by making sounds
•Reaches with one hand
•Sits with, and then without, support of their hands
•Explores with hands and mouth

9-12 Months
•Get to a sitting position
•Stand briefly without support
•Crawl
•Imitate adults using a cup or telephone
•Play peek-a-boo and patty cake
•Wave bye-bye
•Put objects in a container
•Make “ma-ma” or “da-da” sounds
•Drink from a cup with help
•Grasp small objects using thumb and index/forefinger
•Pull themselves to stand or takes steps by holding onto furniture
•Put small blocks in and take them out of a container
•Feed themselves finger foods like raisins
•Copy sounds and actions you make

1-2 Years
•Like to push and pull objects
•Say at least six words
•Follow simple directions
•Pull off shoes, socks, and mittens
•Can point to a picture that you name in a book
•Feed themselves
•Make marks on paper with crayons
•Walk without help
•Walk backwards
•Point, make sounds and try to use words to ask for things
•Stack two blocks
•Says 8-10 words you can understand
•Ask for something by pointing or using one word
•Drink from straw
•Feed themselves with a spoon
•Toss or roll a ball

2-3 Years
•Use two-to-three-word sentences
•Say about 50 words
•Recognize familiar pictures
•Kick a ball forward
•Feed themselves with a spoon
•Demands a lot of your attention
•Turn two or three pages together
•Identify hair, eyes, ears, and nose by pointing
•Shows affection
•Hum or try to sing
•Imitates others
•Apply pretend actions on others
•Refer to self by name or use “me” and “mine”
•Verbalize desires and feelings
•Enjoys looking at one book repeatedly

3-4 Years
•Throw a ball overhand
•Ride a tricycle
•Put on their shoes
•Open the door
•Turn one page at a time
•Play with other children for a few minutes
•Repeat common rhymes
•Use three -to-five-word sentences
•Name at least one color correctly
•Dresses and undresses themselves
•Draws circles and squares
•Kick ball forward
•Hops and stands on one foot up to five seconds
•Follows a three-part command
•Understands the concept of counting

4-5 Years
•Use five to six word sentences
•Go up and down stairs without support
•Understand the concept of counting and may know a few numbers
•Draw a person with two to four body parts
•Recall parts of a story
•Begin to have a clearer sense of time
•Understand the concepts of “same” and “different”
•Imagine that many unfamiliar images may be “monsters”
•Stands on one foot for ten seconds or longer
•Swings, climbs
•Cares for own toilet needs
•Uses future tense
•Understands the concept of time
•Prints some letters
•Build a tower of six to eight blocks

For more information regarding developmental milestones, please visit the Center for Disease Control’s “Learn the Signs, Act Early” Campaign website at http://www.cdc.gov/ncbddd/actearly/milestones/index.html

Team Communication Essentials Supports Autism Awareness

Team Communication Essentials "Lit It Up Blue"

Team Communication Essentials “Lit It Up Blue”

Team Communication Essentials recognized World Autism Awareness Day on April 2nd by wearing blue ribbons to show our support for individuals with autism. We distributed blue ribbons to our therapy team. Our therapists work with many children on the autism spectrum, and we strive to help our patients reach their full potential.

Autism affects children all over the world. According to statistics from the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), arouund 1 in 88 American children are identified as being on the autism spectrum. Studies also show that autism is four to five times more common among boys than girls. An estimated 1 out of 54 boys and 1 in 252 girls are diagnosed with autism in the United States. More children are diagnosed with autism each year than with juvenile diabetes, AIDS or cancer, combined.

The most obvious signs and symptoms of autism tend to emerge between 2 and 3 years of age. Research shows that early intervention and behavioral therapies can improve the long-term outcomes for children with autism. Continued research into the possible causes and most effective treatment strategies for children with autism is needed.

For additional information on autism and how to increase autism awareness, visit www.autismspeaks.org.